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2021 Continuation Funding
2013 Whitley Award
Ekwoge Abwe Cameroon Terrestrial
The great apes of Ebo Forest

Winner of the Whitley Award donated by Fondation Segré

Ekwoge Enang Abwe grew up in a rural village in Cameroon where his passion for great apes and especially chimpanzees was born. Ekwoge has played a pivotal role in conservation research work in the South Western Cameroon for almost a decade and, since 2010, he has been managing the Ebo Forest Research Project, encouraging local communities to take pride in the forest’s unique biodiversity.

The Ebo forest is one of the largest remaining tracts in the Gulf of Guinea biodiversity hotspot. Covering almost 2,000 square kilometres, it is home to a unique mix of 11 diurnal primate species including a small population of gorillas and a significant population of the Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee, the most endangered of the chimpanzee subspecies. These amazing chimps have a unique repertoire of tool use. In addition, the forest harbours the charismatic drill, Critically Endangered Preuss’s red colobus as well as many species of guenons. Forest elephants and several species of duikers still abound in the forest, which is also home to many other species including the spectacular Goliath frog, the largest frog in the world.

Surrounding the Ebo forest are 19 villages that depend on subsistence agriculture and especially hunting and bushmeat trade for food and income – a trade driven by the forest’s close proximity to large urban centres with a high demand for bushmeat products. While the Cameroon government sees the potential of declaring the Ebo Forest a National Park focussing on conservation research and tourism potential, plans by the world’s largest oil palm producer to open a plantation on the western margins of the forest poses a serious new threat.

Since 2005, the Ebo Forest Research Project has been carrying out biological research from permanently manned research stations across the forest. The project is also engaged in regular contact with communities through formal and informal environmental and conservation education and more recently a community-led gorilla conservation initiative (Club des Amis des Gorilles), with the goal of securing a safe future for chimpanzees, gorillas and other endangered species of the Ebo forest.

 Ekwoge’s Whitley Award winning project aims to:

  • Encourage local people to participate in conservation activities and raise awareness.
  • Monitor chimpanzees, gorillas and other endangered mammals in the forest.
  • Support the transition of Ebo Forest into a National Park.

Why it matters:

  • There are thought to be fewer than 25 Ebo gorillas left in the wild.
  • A biodiversity hotspot, Ebo Forest is considered an “exceptional priority site” for Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee conservation.
  • Up to 300 football fields of forest are cleared every hour for palm oil.

2021 Continuation Funding

£70,000 over two years
Growing Support to Secure a Fair Future for Cameroon’s Ebo Forest

Ebo Forest is the most important tract of rainforest in the Gulf of Guinea biodiversity hotspot. Sequestering 35 million tonnes of carbon across 1,500km2, it is home to a population of gorillas so new to science that they may come to be classified as the world’s fifth subspecies. The ecosystem also boasts over 300 types of bird, forest elephants, foot-long goliath frogs, one of two remaining populations of the Critically Endangered Preuss’s Red Colobus monkey as well as the only chimpanzees to use tools in two ways – to crack nuts and fish for termites. Ebo Forest is also Cameroon’s most important botanical research site with 30 new and mostly endemic plant species discovered in recent years.


This globally important landscape was saved from government approved logging in 2020, by a coalition including Ekwoge Abwe, NGOs and 40 villages surrounding the forest whose ancestry and livelihoods are entwined with it. Ekwoge will now continue this vital contribution to the land-use planning process, empowering local people to work with government and make informed decisions about the future of the forest.

On the ground, Ekwoge and his NGO, the Ebo Forest Research Project, will increase pride in the communities sharing the habitat with the local, tool-wielding chimpanzee population by training Chimpanzee Guardian Club members in behavioral data collection to better understand these great apes. He will also reduce reliance on forest resources by establishing a cocoa farmers’ cooperative in 8 villages, providing better access to farming tools, cocoa beans, and financial services. Finally, Ekwoge will broaden awareness of environmental issues through monthly TV reports, growing grassroots support for long-term landscape conservation.